Since the end of 2008, Burkina Faso has faced severe drought in several regions. This situation is aggrevated by the insecurity with terrorist attacks and inter-community violence since 2016. The displacement of populations reduces access to quality food and basic services including WASH and deteriorating infant and young child feeding practices, resulting in high levels of malnutrition.
Access to water
Drought and violence reduce the harvest of farmers. The insufficient number of boreholes and taps in rural areas affects the access to water for villages. In 2018, only 16.4% of the population had access to sanitation in the family house (according to the statistic yearbook of the Ministry of Water and Sanitation).
Although there have been improvements thanks to the efforts of the State and its partners, malnutrition rates are still the highest in sub-Saharan Africa. However, the chronically low production in some regions (such as the North Centre and the North) due to climatic variations makes food insecurity a daily reality for many people.
This food insecurity situation, in addition to the terrorist attacks, has led to numerous population displacements and the closure of several health facilities in conflict zones. According to OCHA, by the end of May 2021 1.2 million people have been displaced, of which 61% of them are children. In insecure areas, 76 health centres were closed and 245 health centres reduced their services. More than 822,000 people are affected by this situation.